Tuesday, February 8, 2022

Spring 1809 Napoleonic action Part two

Mid-way thru the battle and the French are in attack position. At that moment, disaster struck. A 3lb Grenz battery rolled a 12 on 2d6, the result of which was the immediate death of the leading French brigade, GdB Leisure. The following turn, three French brigades (including Colbert's cavalry, became Hesitant. At least Leisure's brigade rallied from Falter. This proved to considerably slow the French advance down. Coehorn's brigade continued to push on the Austrian right, forcing one Austrian unit to Retreat, and then suffering the same fate from an Austrian counterattack. French columns were snaking around the woods to the right as well. Still, French casualties were moderately heavy on this flank. On the Austrian left flank, the O'Reilly Chevaulegers took advantage of the French heaitation and promptly attacked, routing a unit of Hussars and throwing the French cavalry into Falter. Finally, by the beginning of Turn 8, French infantry was advancing to the attack onto the center town. The defenders belched musketry from the buildings in defiance of the approaching columns. Unfortunately though, Colbert's cavalry brigade fell back in Sauve qui Peut! This was an inopportune time to open up the French right flank.
At this point, French columns attacked the left-hand town sector, suffering severe musket fire. In the ensuing melee, the French infantry was forced back in Disorder.
On the Austrian right flank, the Tirailleurs du Po continued to engage Austrian skirmishers in the woods, while French columns maneuvered to envelope the flank, and was promptly met by supporting Austrian infantry. French casualties in this sector were beginning to add up. Meanwhile, Colbert successfully rallied the French cavalry and threw them back into action against the confident Hapsburg horse.
By this time, GdB Ficatier's brigade swung into action, attacking the right sector of the village, but suffering the same fate as the previous attack. Although worn down, the beleagured Austrians held onto the town, denying the French access to the crossroads. On the Austrian left, the Grenzers and cavalry advanced, with the Chevaulegers trouncing the French Hussars, throwing Colbert's brigade into Demoralization. On Turn 10, with attacks against the village failing, and the French right vulnerable, the decision was made to retire from the field. The battle was an Austrian victory ! Approximate casualties were 1,300 French to 400 Austrians. General de Division Claparede had indeed suffered a bloody nose !

Sunday, February 6, 2022

Spring 1809 Napoleonic action, Part one

I decided to run a small rearguard action based on the aftermath of the battle of Abensberg (April 1809). I chose Jellacic's division to defend a crossroads against General de Division Claparede's division with some attached cavalry. The premise was simple; the outnumbered Austrians had to hold their position for 13 turns (nightfall). The rules used were the excellent General d'Armee rules by David Brown, but with modified ADC rules. FML Jellacic's force consisted of one line infantry brigade made up of 6 battalions and an advanced guard brigade that included two large Grenz battalions and the famed O'Reilly Chevaulegers. Jellacic also had 12 guns split into a battery per brigade. Claparede's force consisted of GdB Colbert's cavalry brigade (minus the elite 7th Chasseurs), two brigades of line infantry (4th battalions, so graded as Reservists), and one light brigade made up of 4 battalions of legere infantry but included the famous Tirailleurs du Po and Tirailleurs Corses. The Austrian commander decided to deploy the Grenz infantry in and around a large wood that covered the Austrian left flank. The Chevaulegers were positioned as reserve elements behind the woods and the center town. The line battalions were garrisoned into both zones of the town at the crossroads as well as the right flank. Third-rank skirmishers were placed in the woods on the right flank, but supported from the rear. GdD Clapatede's leading light brigade was deployed along the main road leading to the village, while Colbert's cavalry supported the right flank of the marching infantry. The other two infantry brigades were to march onto the table. The French only had 13 turns to capture the crossroads, so they had to move fast.
Austrian infantry deployed to the right of the town.
The leading French brigades march onto the field.
Colbert's hussars and Chasseurs support the French right. Quickly, the French skirmishers of GdB Coehorn's light brigade engaged the Austrian right flank, with both sides suffering minor losses. Two French brigades used the "forwards" ADC tasking to quickly maneuver into position to attack the center town. French cavalry moved slowly forward on the right flank, attempting to evade the Grenz sharpshooters in the woods. The O'Reilly Chevaulegers, seeing the French threat on their leftflank, began to maneuver around for an obvious showdown with the French cavalry.
French infantry begins to mass. On the Austrian right, French skirmishers suffer moderate casualties, primarily caused by the 6-pounder battery that the position was anchored on, the guns spewing forth cannister at a deadly rate. A Grenz 3-pound battery did get off a lucky shot (rolled a natural 12), dramatically killing GdB Lesuire, throwing his brigade into a Falter situation. It was now at the half-way point. The sun was beginning to drop, the French brigades were now in attacking position. En avant !

Tuesday, July 6, 2021

Waterloo 2021, Pt. 2

With the British right flank bent back, Hougomont taken by the French, Picton’s division holding the center, La Haye Saint and Frischermont still occupied by the allies, and the leading Prussian elements on the field, it was time for a dramatic measure. 


The Attack of the Old and Middle Guard

The British in the center had repulsed D’Erlon’s attack, but were fatigued and weakened. Lobau’s VI Corps had succeeded in attacking in conjunction with D’Erlon. The British position in the center was becoming precarious. Napoleon (played brilliantly by Jackson) then made the decision to commit a division of the Old/Middle Guard and the Guard heavy cavalry to puncture the center. The remainder of the guard would mobilize to the French right to help counter the Prussians. 

The Grenadiers a Cheval and the Empress Dragoons struck first, sending the allied infantry backwards. The artillery of the Imperial Guard also opened up as the bearskin-clad guardsmen marched up the ridge. Uxbridge, seeing the center buckle, began to siphon cavalry to help bolster the position around La Haye Saint. The fighting was fierce, but the French guards prevailed and Picton was forced to retreat and La Haye Saint was taken by the French as well. 


 
Allied troops brace for the impact

British cavalry counterattacked but the commitment of the Guard prevailed. The center was pierced and the right flank was reeling backwards. Only Cole’s small command remained unmolested at Frischermont.

The Prussians Advance

Meanwhile, Blucher’s leading elements had emerged from the Bossu du Paris and were engaging Kellermann’s heavy cavalry. French infantry from D’Erlon’s Corps and Lobau’s command were reforming against the Prussians while the French Cuirassiers and Carabiniers fought to buy time. Brilliantly, the Prussian cavalry overwhelmed the French with the loss of only one formation. Fierce fighting punctuated the Prussian advance. As the infantry began to deploy out of the woods to face the fatigued French, the game was called as Wellington ordered a full allied retreat. 

The Prussians were making substantial progress by this point, but had 2 lines of French infantry to fight through before reaching Plancenoit. Coupled with the arrival of the rest of the Old/Middle Guard infantry, it was determined that, no matter the outcome in this sector it would be a long fight. With Wellington’s troops out of the action, it was meaningless to continue the fight against Plancenoit. 









The climactic battle was over. After calculating Victory Points, it was determined that the French had over a 25% advantage, therefore the game was considered a Major French Victory. 

Thanks to all of the Tidewater Warriors, Doug Kline of Battlefield Terrain Concepts for donating a portion of the terrain, Bradley Elliott for his extraordinary painting skills (many hours ), and Mark Bruce’s donation of British heavy cavalry and Highlanders. 

We really put Et Sans Resultat through the ringer and the system was up to the task. We look forward to using these fantastic rules in the future. 

 


Sunday, July 4, 2021

Waterloo 2021, Part 1

During the weekend of June 18-20, our local gaming group simulated the legendary Battle Of Waterloo. We used the grand-tactical rules, Et Sans Resultat (ESR), at the 75 yard per inch scale. Our gaming table was 12.5’ by 6’ and we featured every unit down to the battalion level. After 14 hours of action over a two-day period (not counting deployment time on Friday evening), we got a result. The ESR system worked well; two practice games prior to the big battle enabled almost everyone to learn the rules well. 

 
Most of the gang at the conclusion of battle

 
The gaming table

The battle itself was scored using a combination of geographic objectives and retreating/ broken formations making up the available victory points. Hougomont, La Haye Saint, La Belle Alliance, Plancenoit, and Frischermont made up the geographic prizes.

The British deployed with Picton holding the center, supported by Uxbridge’s cavalry Corps. The Prince of Orange held the right flank, while Hill anchored the left flank at Frischermont. 

The French deployed Reille’s Corps against Hougomont and the British right flank. In addition, Milhaud’s cavalry Corps, the Young Guard, and the light cavalry of the Imperial Guard were added here to add power to the main attack against the Dutch-Belgians. D’Erlon’s I Corps held the center and the French right flank. The Imperial Guard, Lobau’s VI Corps and Kellermann’s cavalry Corps were held in reserve in the center. 

Elements of D’Erlon’s Corps at Plancenoit

Reille, Milhaud, and Ney commanding the Young Guard gear up for the main thrust

The Old and Middle Guard in reserve

The crew in action


Action commenced on the 1120 turn as the French attack on the British right began in full earnest. A well-placed grand battery on the ridge between Hougomont and La Haye Saint repulsed two French divisions of Reille’s Corps with bloody losses. Seeing this strong British position, Ney held up the advance of the Young Guard. Shortly afterward, the Young Guard was redirected  to continue the attack on the British right. The Dutch-Belgians, along with Cooke and Alten’s British troops, began to give ground and the Dutch-Belgian cavalry had to committed. D’Erlon advanced, but only to pin the British center and left flank in place. Bombardment from both sides in this sector yielded minor casualties. 

 
The action in full earnest

 
The French attack on the Dutch-Belgians

 
Allied cavalry attempt to save the right flank

 
Milhaud’s Cuirassiers attack !

 
The battle was intense at this point


As the British right flank was giving ground, Wellington made the decision to shift Uxbridge’s cavalry to that sector. The French, in turn, launched Milhaud’s heavy cavalry and the Guard Chasseurs a Cheval against the Dutch-Belgians. Hougomont was attacked and changed hands multiple times. 

Seeing the British cavalry shift to the flank, D’Erlon then launched his Corps against the center. The Brunswick division and Clinton’s command melted away as the the French took Papelotte. Picton held his ground though, then counterattacked, and repulsed D’Erlon’s attack. The Highlanders especially covered themselves with glory! D’Erlon fell back in good order to reform.

The action at Hougomont saw the Young Guard take the chateaux, but were then forced out by British Foot Guards. 

 
French Cuirassiers in action

The Imperial Guard begins to stir

 
Dutch-Belgians giving ground

 
Reille’s Corps regroups


Action on the British right saw the Guard Chasseurs a Cheval burn through the flank, but eventually countered by the Scot Greys. Milhaud’s Cuirassiers launched multiple attacks as well. The damage was done, as the British right was beginning to buckle. Hougomont was in French hands. The British held onto the center ridge and La Haye Saint, while the French occupied Papelotte. Hill still clung onto Frischermont and anchored the British left flank. 

By this time, the Prussians were approaching the battlefield. It was time for something dramatic ! 

Next: The attack of the Old and Middle Guard. The Prussians arrive !








Saturday, October 12, 2019

Vimeiro, 1808 Using Carnage and Glory 2

Recently, our group of Carnage and Glory enthusiasts gathered in Newport News, Virginia to fight out Wellesley's first victory on the Iberian Peninsula, Vimeiro (August 21st, 1808). Vimeiro holds a special fascination for me personally, not only as the future Duke of Wellington's first victory, but because of all the potential "what-ifs" of the campaign.

We used the Carnage and Glory 2 computer-moderated Napoleonic system and, as usual, it perfectly simulated our tabletop action. Actually, the final result almost mirrored the historical result, even with a couple of  twists that I threw into the scenario.


British infantry advancing on the field of Vimeiro


Historical Background: In order to enforce Napoleon Bonaparte's Continental system and an embargo of British products and goods, the French Emperor decided to focus on Portugal, a staunch British ally and a nation who routinely ignored the embargo. When threatened with invasion, the Portuguese government did submit to a majority of Bonaparte's demands, but Napoleon ordered the invasion anyway. The Emperor commanded General de Division Jean-Andoche Junot to march over 30,000 troops across Spain into Portugal. Along the way, engineering officers conveniently sketched out every contour and defensive structure in Spain; Napoleon's plans for Spain were also already in motion. 

The march to Portugal was an arduous one through barren country. With only 1,500 half-starved men, Lisbon fell without a shot. While Junot occupied Lisbon and raised the tricolor on December 13th, 1807, he did it without a fight from the Portuguese army, but had to deal with multiple uprisings. Then he settled in to serve as occupying governor and awaited the stragglers of his army to arrive in Lisbon. 

During the occupation, the French had to continuously put down more revolts from the fiery Portuguese. Junot also disbanded the Portuguese army, except for a select few units that were marched to Germany as the "Portuguese Legion." There were also a few remaining Portuguese army units to the north that eventually joined the British. 

On August 1st, 1808, the British under Arthur Wellesley came to the aid of the Portuguese and landed an expeditionary force at Mondego Bay. After taking nearly 8 days to disembark the troops, Wellesley's force marched inland and were met by French General de Division Delaborde at Rolica. Delaborde performed a textbook withdrawal and delayed the British advance. The British declared a victory, but it would be difficult to imagine a more orderly withdrawal under fire by the French. 

On August 15th, Junot set out from Lisbon to meet the British, knowing that a victory against Portugal's revered ally would keep the city quiet. Here is an interesting twist to our scenario. Historically, Junot left 7,000 men in and around the area of Lisbon as a garrison. This action doomed Junot's advance against the British from the start, as his 13,000 troops could never hope to win a battle against 18-20,000 British and Portuguese soldiers. Part of the problem was that the Russian Admiral Simiavin, with a Russian naval squadron offshore, refused to allow up to 5,000 Russian sailors and marines to take up garrison duty in Lisbon so that the French could use all available troops to march against Wellesley. The reason for this was purely political; although the Russians were technically allies of the French after the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807, Admiral Simiavin refused to take any action against the Portuguese themselves because they were not technically at war with Russia. 

In our scenario, it is assumed that the Russians do comply with garrison duty, which allows Junot to march out with at least parity in numbers when compared to the British. 

The Battle: On August 21st, the French advanced to attack the British, who were deployed in a defensive position in the rough terrain surrounding the villages of Vimeiro and Ventosa. Historically, the outnumbered French attacked aggressively, but with brigades thrown in piecemeal. The French battle plan was unimaginative, focused on frontal attacks (especially around Vimeiro), and was destined to failure. The French were outnumbered and split their force in multiple directions. The British under Wellesley defeated each brigade in turn and used their numerical superiority to counterattack the French. Although most of the terrain was not suitable for cavalry, the British 20th Light Dragoons managed to maul some retreating French infantry before being countered by French Dragoons and withdrawing to safety.


French Dragoons tangle with British Light Dragoons


Junot's force suffered 2,000 casualties as compared to just 700 British and Portuguese losses. It was an overwhelming British victory. But fate stepped in as the battle concluded; waiting offshore on a British warship, General Sir Hew Dalrymple (who was senior in rank) stepped ashore and promptly relieved Wellesley before a proper pursuit could be ordered. 

Instead of smashing the defeated French, Dalrymple and his contingent offered very generous terms to Junot, allowing him and his army to be escorted back to France, even with their arms. These terms brought outrage in London and there was a serious investigation. For Wellesley's part, he argued fruitlessly against these terms, but was superseded by Dalrymple. Thus, the Convention of Cintra was finalized. Portugal was in British hands. 

Our Battle:  The British were allowed to deploy first up to a line from Vimeiro across to Ventosa. The French, primarily due to a superiority in scouting (due to the 2,000 cavalry that Junot was able to gather), then deployed according to preplanned positions facing the British. 


 The battlefield, on a 12' x 5' table


The British held 2 brigades in reserve at the rear of the table.  Crawford's and Trant's brigades were marching in on the far northwest corner road. Based on the French deployment, Wellesley had to dictate destinations and objectives for these brigades from the outset. Most of the British force was deployed in and around Vimeiro, taking advantage of the rough terrain that the French had to attack through. Acland's brigade was deployed to the rear right flank, as there was a chance that the French could deploy on the southern table edge.  Ventosa was held by 4 British battalions and a battery. The small contingent of British and Portuguese cavalry supported the center between Vimeiro and Ventosa (along with a couple of British units and a battery). 


View from the French left flank facing Vimeiro


The French plan centered on Vimeiro as the primary objective (worth 10 victory points), while a rapid advance was to be made by Delaborde's division against Ventosa in the hope of pulling most of the British reserves to this sector. St. Clair's grenadier brigade was held in reserve off-table in the hope of eventually storming and taking Vimeiro. The cavalry brigades under Marjoram supported both Loison and Delaborde's flanks in the center, as that was the only decent cavalry ground on the battlefield.


View from the French center and part of Delaborde's division on the right


The battle commenced with a general advance by Loison's division on the units supporting Vimeiro. Delaborde's troops aimed for an empty gap in the British line on the ridge between Vimeiro and Ventosa. To slow down Delaborde's advance, the British 20th Light Dragoons attempted to charge Delaborde's infantry, but was countered by French Dragoons supporting this infantry. The British cavalry was defeated and headed towards the rear. 


A strong British position at Ventosa


Meanwhile, Crawford's British brigade appeared on the northwest corner road and aimed for the gap between Vimeiro and Ventosa. Trant's Portuguese brigade began to march to the left of Ventosa . The battle continued for several turns, with both sides taking casualties. In particular, the skirmishers of the 95th and 60th Rifles caused alarming casualties on both the French infantry and the French combined battery that was attempting to shell Vimeiro. French morale amongst the guns began to drop. Fatigue was setting in on both sides. 


British and Portuguese commanders pondering their next move


The Portuguese had deployed in lines on the left of Ventosa. Meanwhile, Acland's brigade had been activated to advance onto the French left flank, threatening the main push onto Vimeiro. Delaborde had arrived at the top of the ridge between Vimeiro and Ventosa, which the British would have to now attack to support their center. But seeing an easy target of Portuguese conscripts on the far British left flank, Delaborde began to advance to attack these troops and Ventosa. Here's where the turning point of the battle took place. The Portuguese recruits not only held their ground, but launched powerful vollies of lead into the French attempting to climb the steep hill. Couple this with heavy casualties on Delaborde's men in front of and to the right of Ventosa, and the French were wavering in this sector. 

Loison's troops were also faltering in the heavy terrain around Vimeiro. Fresh British troops began to arrive as Wellesley skillfully deployed his reserves in just the right spots. The irritating Rifles were eventually forced out of their positions by French infantry and cavalry, but the effect they had on the general advance was devastating. 


 British troops holding Vimeiro



Another view of the French advance against Vimeiro



British guns and infantry defending the right flank around Ventosa


As the battle shifted towards the British, orders were sent to St. Clair's grenadier brigade for a last-ditch attack on Vimeiro. As the couriers galloped, the battle raged on. Delaborde's troops in front of Ventosa were now in retreat, although the British and Portuguese had also taken heavy casualties and were not able to follow up.  The battle for Vimeiro raged on, now with the French left flank beginning to retire in front of Acland's brigade.

With drums beating, the grenadiers of St. Clair's brigade advanced onto the tabletop. With great elan, the grenadiers threw themselves onto Vimeiro…….only to be halted by deadly British fire. Redeploying into line, the grenadiers' advance was stopped, and the French commanders knew the battle was lost. 


The attack of the French grenadiers was halted


Stunned with the results, the French had to grudgingly retreat. The British had held, punished the French attack, and held onto the geographic objectives. After walking wounded were reassessed the following day, the computer concluded that there were 3,119 French casualties to just 663 British and Portuguese. It was a Major British Victory !

The Carnage and Glory 2 system was magnificent, as usual. The keys to the battle were the outstanding deployment of British reserves, while the true heroes of the fight included the 95th and 60th Rifles as well as Trant's Portuguese brigade. These conscripts held firm and surprisingly threw the French veterans back. 

A great time was had by all.  The players made great decisions and although the French plan was slightly different from Junot's plan in 1808, the historical results were eerily similar. 

Monday, August 12, 2019

Altdorf, 1809 with Carnage and Glory 2

I recently purchased the excellent scenario book Eagles Over Bavaria 1809 by Michael Hopper and the first battle caught my eye. I've always thought a good wargame would feature the initial Austrian advance over the Isar River into Bavaria. The Bavarians are some of my favorite troops, with their sky-blue uniforms and Germanic helmets.

So I endeavored to put on the fight at Altdorf on April 16th, 1809, which historically was merely a probing skirmish and an artillery duel until the Bavarians fell back to link up with Wrede's infantry division.

So, some us in the Old Dominion Military Society gathered in Newport News, Virginia to fight it out using the Carnage and Glory 2 computer-moderated rules.  The system, as usual, worked flawlessly and generated a spellbinding and interesting wargame.


The Austrian advance onto the Bavarian left flank and center


The Scenario:  The plan for the Austrian invasion of Bavaria in April of 1809 necessitated the crossing of the Isar River at Landshut.  Initially, the Austrian advance-guard attempted to negotiate a peaceful crossing, but the loyal Bavarians would have nothing of it.  So, as the Austrians waited for reinforcements to arrive, the Bavarian commander Deroy learned of a crossing by the Austrians to the Southwest, effectively flanking his current position. 

Immediately, DeRoy's Bavarians conducted a very professional withdrawal and re-deployed in the vicinity of a small village, Altdorf, a few miles to the west of Landshut. Altdorf lies on the edge of a marsh to the east and in a valley, with hilly terrain on each flank. Historically, Radetzky's advanced-guard pursued and probed the Bavarians, but did not commit to a full-scale attack. The skirmish primarily ended up as an artillery duel, with both sides sides losing under 200 casualties each.  The Bavarians continued to withdraw until past the town of Pfettrach and through Wrede's division, stopping at Pfeffenhausen to rest.

Our scenario assumes that the Austrians pushed harder into Altdorf in order to advance as far as possible to split the allied forces. Historically and unbeknownst to Charles at the time, the French and Bavarians were in a high state of confusion, with Marshal Berthier bungling orders and initial deployments. The allied state would be in consternation until Napoleon finally arrived from Paris to take full command. Our scenario assumes that Archduke Charles receives better intel on the allied state than he did in reality.

The battle begins at 4:30 pm and the Bavarians are under orders to hold Altdorf as long as possible. The Austrians, meanwhile, were to attack the Bavarian flanks and ultimately smash through Altdorf as quickly as possible.

The fields east of Altdorf were marshy and unsuitable for artillery movement, so any guns had to move on the north road which traversed through the Bavarian left flank. From Altdorf and to the west, the terrain was made up of fields and the occasional hedgerow. Small wooded areas dotted the position on the Bavarian left.

Due to the marshy ground, Lindenau's infantry brigades left their batteries in Landshut. These brigades would advance toward Altdorf itself and the Bavarian right flank. Radetzky's command would assault the Bavarian left flank.

A helicopter view of the battlefield, with the Bavarians dug in around Altdorf and the Austrians advancing into the marshes from the right side of the table.


The Bavarians dug in on the right of Altdorf


Austrian Uhlans advance as part of Radetzky's advanced guard


The Austrian advance is determined and intimidating


The Wargame: The Austrians marched smartly onto the table, with Radetzky's advanced guard moving towards the heights that made up the Bavarian left flank. Immediately, on turn 1, the Bavarian cavalry commander decided to throw caution to the wind and charged the Austrian Uhlans in the center of the table. Not expecting this sudden charge, the Uhlans were caught at the halt and only weakly managed to get a defensive volley off before the Bavarian Dragoons sent them packing. Continuing their charge, one Dragoon unit crashed into an Austrian infantry battalion and immediately routed them, causing much bloodshed. The other Dragoon unit contacted another Austrian infantry battalion, but one which managed to form battalionmasse. The Dragoons made contact but were smartly repulsed with high casualties. The effect on the entire Austrian center was devastating, bringing the advance to a crawl.

Meanwhile, Radetzky's Grenz troops continued to advance into the wooded area that protected the Bavarian left flank, causing steady casualties on the Bavarian units guarding this area. The horse battery attached to Radezky's command deployed to the left of the wood and began to rake the Bavarians with cannister.

The Austrians under Hesse-Homburg and Mayer continued to advance against the Bavarian right and in front of Altdorf. Stopping to exchange fire with the Bavarians behind a hedgerow, the Austrians charged and strongly forced the Bavarians out of their position. While taking heavy casualties themselves, the Austrians pursued eagerly, effectively collapsing this flank.


The huge Austrian battalions charge the Bavarian right flank


With the right flank collapsed, the Austrians continue to pursue


At this point, even with the brilliant Bavarian Dragoon charge, the game was looking like an Austrian victory.  Then....disaster strikes.  An Austrian charge against a fresh Bavarian infantry battalion deployed next to Altdorf resulted in a bloody repulse, and then a strong countercharge by the Bavarians, routing the Austrians away.  Also, fresh Bavarian cavalry had arrived from the west and deployed through Altdorf to face the fatigued Austrians. The resulting charges were devastating to the Austrians. Two infantry battalions immediately routed, and Austrian Hussars were thrown back  in a valiant attempt to stem the tide. The entire Austrian center was wiped out !


Bavarian cavalry charge the last remaining Austrian horse. The Hussars, after a tough fight, were forced to retire. 


Austrian infantry in front of Altdorf were viciously counterattacked by Bavarian infantry and cavalry


In all, the devastating cavalry attacks caused over 1,300 prisoners to be taken. The young Austrian soldiers were shell-shocked at the turn of events. Although the Bavarian left flank was bending, and the Bavarian right flank was crushed, The Bavarians held onto Altdorf and caused so many casualties on the Austrians, that they couldn't rally. At just a little before 6 pm, the Archduke Louis commanded Lindenau to retreat back to Landshut. Final casualties calculated the next day, including prisoners, saw the Bavarians suffer approximately 500 permanent casualties and the Austrians about 2,000. 

In a hotly-contested game, the Bavarians ended up the winners, but the real winners were all of the gamers who experienced the fluidity and ease of the Carnage and Glory system.  Everyone had a great time, and were sincerely interested in more computer-moderated games.  The day's fight was a major success !